Bacillus Licheniformis s a bacterium commonly found in the soil. It is found on bird feathers, especially chest and back plumage, and most often in ground-dwelling birds (like sparrows) and aquatic species (like ducks).
Bacillus Licheniformis is a rod-shaped, gram-positive, spore-forming bacteria. It is non-pathogenic and safe for human consumption qualified as GRAS in the US and also qualifies the criteria of QPS as per EFSA. Bacillus Licheniformis spores are very tough and stable making it the probiotic of choice in the animal feed, food, and aquaculture industry.
Bacillus Licheniformis as a probiotic has the potential to improve the immune response and growth performance in animals (Cattle/Poultry/Pigs etc) and fishes. Bacillus Licheniformis secretes different enzymes which convert complex substrates into easily available nutrients thereby increasing the availability of easy-to-digest nutrients to animals. This also increases the feed conversion ratio.
Bacillus Licheniformis forms spores in soil. A pathway that leads to endospore formation is initiated when the bacterium is starved. Endospore formation is actually desired and serves as a great example of prokaryotic development and differentiation. These spores are quite tolerant of heat, cold, radiation, and other environmental stresses. Under good conditions, the spores will germinate and produce vegetative cells.