Bacillus Megaterium is known to produce poly-γ-glutamic acid. The accumulation of the polymer is greatly increased in a saline environment, in which the polymer comprises largely of L-glutamate.
Bacillus Megaterium has been recognized as an endophyte and is a potential agent for the biocontrol of plant diseases. Nitrogen fixation has been demonstrated in some strains of Bacillus megaterium.
Bacillus Megaterium has been an important industrial organism for decades. It produces penicillin amidase used to make synthetic penicillin, various amylases used in the baking industry, and glucose dehydrogenase used in glucose blood tests.
Carbon Utilization: The bacteria contained in Bacillus Magaterium on application to the soil get activated and multiply by utilizing the carbon source of soil or exudates of the root and in this process secrete organic acids and enzymes.